Care instructions for Cacti / Succulents in the Landscape
Cacti / Succulents care instructions for the Landscape
The watering schedule can vary greatly based on the specific
plant, type of soil and amount of sun exposure in your garden.
Generally, cacti and succulents are very drought tolerant.
If your want to encourage rapid growth water twice monthly.
Small plants: 1 to 2 gallons and large plants: 5 to 25 gallons.
Turn off the water in Nov. and restart the watering program
Lighting: Most cacti and succulents do well in full sun.
But many require filtered light during the hottest part of
the day. Generally speaking opuntias, chollas, organ pipes,
agaves, yuccas, barrels do best in full sun. Most succulents,
Aloes, some barrels, some trichocereus and mammillarias
prefer filtered light. Often a young plant may need
protection from the hot sun, but with age, would prefer
Many plants that do best in full sun can tolerate shady
conditions, and some plants that do best in morning sun can
tolerate full sun if given extra water.
Nutrients: Ideally, cacti and succulents need regular feeding
during their growing season (Spring-Summer). Rose food is
ideal. But you can skip fertilizing with minimal harm.
Soil Mixture for landscaping:
Desert plants like soil that provides good drainage. If the
garden soil lacks drainage, add mulch, gravel, sand, perlite
Pest and Diseases: Cacti do resist pests and diseases,
but can become infected with mealy bug and Cochineal scale as
well as numerous fungal and viral attacks. The symptom of
fungal and viral damage are large black areas that can spread.
These infections can be removed with a sharp knife -- using 10%
bleach to disinfect. The best remedy for Cochineal scale and
mealy bugs is to use a hose sprayer and apply a mixture
insecticidal and Malathion. Follow directions on the labels.
Wash the soap and dead scale off the following day.
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